common: improve printing of Hash and Address (#21834)
Both Hash and Address have a String method, which returns the value as
hex with 0x prefix. They also had a Format method which tried to print
the value using printf of byte. The way Format worked was at odds with
String though, leading to a situation where fmt.Sprintf("%v", hash)
returned the decimal notation and hash.String() returned a hex string.
This commit makes it consistent again. Both types now support the %v,
%s, %q format verbs for 0x-prefixed hex output. %x, %X creates
unprefixed hex output. %d is also supported and returns the decimal
notation "[1 2 3...]".
For Address, the case of hex characters in %v, %s, %q output is
determined using the EIP-55 checksum. Using %x, %X with Address
Co-authored-by: Felix Lange <firstname.lastname@example.org>